Istanbul is the most populous city in Turkey and the country’s cultural, economic and historic centre. Istanbul historically also known as Constantinople and Byzantium. Around 660 BCE, the city developed to become one of the most significant in history, as it was founded under the name of Byzantium on the Sarayburnu promontory. In 330 CE, after its reestablishment as Constantinople, the city served as an imperial capital for almost 16 centuries, during the Roman and Byzantine (330 – 1204 and 1261 – 1453), the Latin (1204 – 1261), and the Ottoman (1453 – 1922) empires. In 1453, Ottomans conquered the city and transformed into an Islamic stronghold from Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times.
Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, overlapping the Bosphorus strait between Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. The city has two sides, the commercial and historical centre lies on the European side and third of its population lives on the Asian side. Due to its historic nature and population around 14 million, Istanbul is one of the World’s most populous cities and ranks as first in the Europe and world’s 6th largest city. Every year Turkey attracts millions of tourist and ranked in the top 10 most popular tourist destinations in the world. Due to high demand, the cost of travelling is very competitive; therefore it’s best to search online, in advance cheap flights to Turkey to get best travel deals.
Istanbul is the fifth most popular tourist destination in the world, and is named a European Capital of Culture. Every year millions of foreign visitors visit Istanbul, as the city biggest attractions is its historic centre, and it’s cultural and entertainment hub can be found across the city’s natural harbour, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoglu district. As the city is the fastest growing metropolitan economies in the world, many people visit the city and arrange their cheap flights to Turkey Istanbul in advance to avoid disappointment.
The most famous places to visit in Istanbul includes Sultan Ahmed Mosque (the “Blue Mosque”), the Hagia Sophia, the Topkapi Palace, the Basilica Cistern, the Dolmabahce Palace, the Galata Tower, the Grand bazaar, the Spice Bazaar, the Pera Palace Hotel, the capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. The Istanbul city has large numbers of shopping centres, such as Metrocity, Akmerkez and Cevahir Mall, which is the biggest shopping mall in the Europe and seventh largest in the world. The other attractions include museums, cultural and sporting events.
Istanbul Ataturk Airport is the main International airport serving Istanbul Turkey. The British travellers can price compare with 123 cheap travel, and fly direct to Istanbul with Turkish airlines which fly from major cities of the UK and offer cheap flights to Turkey from Manchester and other major cities. Turkish government decided to build the world largest airport in Istanbul, to meet the demand. In 2015, over 60 million passengers came to Istanbul Ataturk airport.
The average temperature in Istanbul is around 24°C (74°F) in July, and the coldest is Februaryat6°C (42°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 10 in August. The wettest month is January and the best month to swim in sea is August, when the average sea temperature is 22°C (72°).